Tilaawah is indigenous to the Qur’an, and there is an aspect of reverberation in this (analogous to the revelation coming as a ringing bell, as mentioned in a Hadith).
276. Of note: There are certain narrations mentioning that Ibn Mas’ud (RAA) had doubts about the Muawidhatayn being part of the Qur’an, or that ‘Ubay Ibn Ka’b (RAA) thought certain Du’as were actually part of the Qur’an, and a few other things of similar signification. We say these are solitary narrations, and such types of narrations cannot be used as proof in the field of determining what the Qur’an is or is not. This confuses many people among the lay Muslims, but if they understand what is the criteria for Qur’anic studies and what establishes a proof in this field, then there is no reason for such doubts to be held by any person. Continue reading
The fallacious argument that ‘Ali (RAA) was coerced and thus gave Bay’ah is contradicted by the principle that if the Khilafah is indeed established for a certain person (as the Twelver Shias claim about Ghadir and ‘Ali), then this must be announced and fought for publicly and explicitly regardless of circumstances. Doing otherwise and remaining quiet is in fact religiously sinful. We would say any “narration” brought up to justify such an attitude of quiet submission to what is said to be extreme evil is a violation of these principles, and cannot be attributed to the Prophet (ﷺ), ‘Ali (RAA) or others from among the Sahabah (RAA).
The Prophet (ﷺ) is definitely merciful and kind to the believers, but even for the non-believers one should remember that the troubles of the entire world weigh upon him (ﷺ).
In the modern West, the highest topic of study is said to be philosophy. But in Islam we have two meta-disciplines, Usool ad-Deen and Usool al-Fiqh. This latter is in the service of the first discipline, thus the second is a ‘tool-science’ for the first ‘goal-science’.
The rule about the Prophet (ﷺ) is that often he contravenes normal rules in the cosmos: Some examples are the Wahy (revelation) he received, the cosmos opening up for his Mi’raj, and also his bodily fluids are pure, in fact we have miracle after miracle appearing in the presence of the Prophet (ﷺ).
One of the special aspects of Islam is the standardization of the liturgy as opposed to say, many forms of Christianity.